The Cutthroat Castle area was documented in 1929 but not added to Hovenweep until 1956. Intended to connect with the world below and the world above, the floor of each kiva is built below ground level to relate to the world below. The entrance to a kiva is typically through the roof to relate to the world above. Access to Cutthroat Castle Kiva is from below the boulder on which the kiva is built. Though it may appear isolated, the ancestral Puebloan population at Cutthroat Castle was quite large with a number of kivas important in the Puebloan religion located downstream.
The Anasazi Heritage Center features the culture of the Ancient ones who lived in the Canyon of the Ancients National Monument. Here, you can weave cloth, grind corn and use tools of the ancient dwellers, plus tour two 12th century pueblos named after the Spanish Franciscan friars who came to Colorado seeking a shortcut to California. The Escalante Pueblo illustrates three major periods of settlements that have taken place in the area.
The Toh-Atin Gallery is one of the most respected sources of Navajo rugs and weavings, Pueblo jewelry, pottery, Hopi Kachinas, Native American baskets and Indian and Southwestern arts in Colorado.
A bit outside of Durango, in the opposite direction from the remainder of your trip, the Southern Ute Cultural Center illustrates exceptional architecture that incorporates cultural symbolism and a connection to the land. Inside, memories and history celebrate the Ute people. You’ll first encounter plants important to native subsistence. Once inside, you’ll be awed by Ponderosa pines rising 60 feet like a tipi, ending in a Circle of Life glass ceiling. The Permanent Gallery chronicles the story of the Ute people from prehistoric times to today. Photographic panels, audio-visual presentations, interactive electronics and life-size replicas enhance six themes in Ute life.
The 1922 Chapin Mesa Archaeological Museum is a historic landmark, which replaced a 1917 log cabin. The museum was constructed using Cliff House Sandstone, the same type of rock used by the Ancestral Pueblo. A series of dioramas illustrate Ancestral Pueblo life with prehistoric artifacts and a chronology of Ancestral Pueblo culture. The 25-minute film provides an excellent overview of the history of Mesa Verde.
The Hawkins Preserve has been home to ancient cultures since 900 A.D. The entire 122 acres was put into protected status to protect the treasured archaeological resources from the Pueblo I and Pueblo II periods. were put into protected status. Hawkins is also home to a gallery featuring local artists and holds Native American dance performances nightly through the summer. An ADA accessible concrete trail traverses the northern reaches of the Preserve, while single track dirt paths lead to archaeological ruins and Dakota sandstone cliffs.